The national series
The 28 Member states of the European Union
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic association of twenty eight European States which delegate or transmit by treaty the exercise of certain skills in community organs. It extends over a territory of 4,5 million square kilometers, is populated with more than 511 million inhabitants and is the first world economic power in term of Nominal GDP. In 2019, the EU will count 27 States further to the exit of Great Britain - Brexit.
The 19 Member states of the Eurozone
The Eurozone is a monetary area which groups the Member states of the European Union which adopted the euro (EUR, €) as exchange; on twenty eight Member states of the EU, nineteen use the euro. These nineteen countries represent more than 340 million inhabitants in 2017 for a GDP accumulated by 11 886 billion euros.
The European Micro-states
The European Union maintains particular relations with the European Micro-states. These nations are all of small sovereign political entities but present a big heterogeneousness in their political functioning. The Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino and the State of the City of Vatican maintain diplomatic relations pushed with the European authorities.
Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican use the euro by a monetary agreement with the EU, and obtained the right to emit a number limited by euro coins thanks to of previous monetary agreements with their neighbors. Liechtenstein uses the Swiss franc.
The four micro States authorized to emit Euros
Eurocol - Volume 1 - The national series
They are thus 19 Member states of the European Union:
GERMANY - AUSTRIA - BELGIUM - CYPRUS - SPAIN - ESTONIA - FINLAND - FRANCE - GREECE - IRELAND - ITALIA - LATVIA - LITHUANIA - LUXEMBOURG - MALTA - NETHERLANDS - PORTUGAL - SLOVENIA - SLOVAKIA
And 4 not member micro States:
ANDORRA - MONACO - SAN MARINO - VATICAN
Which struck 55 national series representing 395 different coins following the criteria of Eurocol (to see presentation - Eurocol).
Présentation du site d'Eurocol
Recognize the broadcasting Country
The name of the broadcasting Country on a coin is in local language; it is thus important to know its origin
Some reminders and precisions
A national complete series is constituted by eight coins exclusively:
- 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 ¢
- 1 and 2 €
The Euro is in circulation since January 1st, 2002, but the engraved Euro first ones date 1999.
The notion of higher given "examplary" calls back that Eurocol does not take into account the vintage year of a coin : too voluminous on one hand and without big interest numismatics, because the coins of 2000 or 2001 of a Country are identical.
As you saw it in " the common sides ", the European Central Bank asked in 2007 the Member states to modify the common face or European of all their coins. The concerned States thus emitted the second national series.
These two series are thus different (because their European motive changed) and taken into account in Eurocol : the previous coins in 2007 carry an index - a.
All the coins emitted by these States as from January 1st, 2007 carry an index - b.
Four micro States, not member, are authorized to emit euro coins. They have only a single national series.
Several particular cases required the broadcast of a new national series, in function for example the princely change or the death of the Pope, the abdication...
The following board presents the number of national series taken into account in this collection and the total number of studied coins.
Peculiarities concerning certain series:
- Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands have in their Constitution, the obligation to make represent on the whole currency - rooms and tickets - the effigies of their leader, King or Queen.
- Besides nineteen Member states of the EU, four not member micro-states had the right to emit Euro: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City State.
- Two Countries: Kosovo and Montenegro use the de facto Euro, but have no clean national currency.
- All the broadcasting Countries have a national workshop of engraving. Germany as for her, has five workshops of engraving: A-Berlin, D-Munich, F-Stuttgart, G-Karlsruhe and J-Hamburg.
The emitted national series
Distribution of the various national series of the broadcasting Countries of euro coins
Founding Country (1958) Series a Series b* Number series Number coins* Remarks
GERMANY 5 5 10 65 5 Workshops of engraving
BELGIUM 1 3 4 29 Changing King Albert II - Philippe
FRANCE 1 1 2 13
ITALIA 1 1 2 13
LUXEMBOURG 1 1 2 13
NETHERLANDS 1 2 3 24 Changing King Beatrix - Willem
Europa of 12 (1973-1995)
AUSTRIA 1 1 2 13
SPAIN 1 2 3 24 Changing King Juan Carlos - Felipe VI
GREECE 1 1 2 13
IRELAND 1 1 2 13
FINLAND 1 2 3 21
PORTUGAL 1 1 2 13
Today (2004 - 2017)
CYPRUS 1 1 8
ESTONIA 1 1 8
LATVIA 1 1 8
LITHUANIA 1 1 8
MALTA 1 1 8
SLOVAKIA 1 1 8
SLOVENIA 1 1 8
ANDORRA 1 1 8
MONACO 1 1 2 16
SAN MARINO 1 2 3 21
VATICAN 3 2 5 40 Death of Jean-Paul II - Vacant Seat
Benoît XVI - François - Coat of arms
TOTAL 21 34 55 395
* Certain series did not change their coins of 1 ¢, 2 ¢ and 5 ¢
Numbering (For information)
For the order of countries, there is an alphabetical order of the codes of countries defined for Internet by the IANA: Austria 04, Belgium 06, Cyprus 13, Germany 15, Spain 28, Finland 38, France 41, Greece 49, Ireland 53, Italy 56, Luxembourg 61, Monaco 63, Malta 68, Netherlands 70, Portugal 77, Slovenia 83, Slovakia 84, San Marino 85, Vatican 93. We have already attributed the numbers to the countries of the European Union which do not belong in the Eurozone (yet): Bulgaria 9, Czech Republic 14, Estonia 17, Hungary 52, Lithuania 60, Latvia 62, Poland 72 and Romania 79.
EUROCOL does not take into account this classification …
The coins of the national series of Eurocol
Last edited: 15 Jan 2018