Greece, in long shape the Hellenic Republic, is a State of Southern Europe and member of the European Union, situated in the extreme the South of the Balkans. Its capital and its most big city is Athens.
Greece, of a surface of 131 957 km2 for a little less than eleven million inhabitants, shares ground borders with Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey and shares maritime borders with Albania, Italy, Libya, Egypt and Turkey, this last source of dispute. The Ionian Sea on the West and the Aegean Sea in the East, left the Mediterranean Sea, supervise the country the fifth of the territory of which is constituted by more than 9 000 islands and islands among which about 200 are inhabited. Furthermore, 80 % of its territory is constituted by mountains the highest of which is the mount Olympus with 2 917 meters.
The history of the region which constitutes its current territory is very rich. Antique Greece, with its cities, its philosophy, its democracy or its theater, strongly influenced Roman Empire and became, since the Renaissance, one of the models of European culture and the modern western civilization. By hellenizing, Roman Empire of East became a Greek empire, just like hits States successors (Trabzon, Epiré, Mistra or Doros). The Greek influence and the presence throughout its periods exceeded the limits of the current territory: cities and Greek populations of Asia Minor and the circumference of the Black Sea, Empire of Nicée, despotat of Dobrogée in the xive century or principalities of Valachie and Moldavia in the period phanariote in the xviiie century.
It is at the beginning of 1830s that the first Greek State independent from the modern era lives in the daytime, following a war for independence against Ottoman Empire.
Greece is a member of the NATO since 1952, the European Union since 1981 and the Eurozone since 2001.
A few figures
National anthem :
Hymn in the Freedom
The coins of the Greek currency
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Last edited: 25 Mar 2017