The national series
A national complete series is established of eight coins exclusively
1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 ¢, 1 and 2 €
The 27 Member states of the European Union
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic association of 27 European States which delegate or transmit by treaty the exercise of certain powers to Community bodies. It stretches over 4.5 million square kilometres, is populated with over 511 million inhabitants and is the world’s leading economic power in terms of nominal GDP. In 2021, the EU has 27 states following the exit of Great Britain - Brexit.
The 19 Member states of the Eurozone
The Eurozone is a monetary area which groups the Member states of the European Union which adopted the euro (EUR, €) as exchange; on twenty seven Member states of the EU, nineteen use the euro. These nineteen countries represent more than 340 million inhabitants in 2017 for a GDP accumulated by 11 886 billion euros.
The European Union has special relations with the European micro-states. These nations are all small sovereign political entities, but they have great heterogeneity in their political functioning. The Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino and the State of Vatican City maintain close diplomatic relations with European institutions.
Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican use the euro through a monetary agreement with the EU, and have obtained the right to issue a limited number of euro coins through previous monetary agreements with their neighbours. Liechtenstein uses the Swiss franc.
The four micro states authorised to issue Euros
Eurocol - Volume 1 - The national series
They are thus 19 Member states of the European Union:
GERMANY - AUSTRIA - BELGIUM - CYPRUS - SPAIN - ESTONIA - FINLAND - FRANCE - GREECE - IRELAND - ITALIA - LATVIA - LITHUANIA - LUXEMBOURG - MALTA - NETHERLANDS - PORTUGAL - SLOVENIA - SLOVAKIA
And 4 not member micro States:
ANDORRA - MONACO - SAN MARINO - VATICAN
Which struck 55 national series representing 440 different coins following the criteria of Eurocol (to see presentation - Eurocol).
Recognize the broadcasting Country
The name of the broadcasting Country on a coin is in local language; it is thus important to know its origin?
Some reminders and precisions
A national complete series is constituted by eight coins exclusively:
- 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 ¢
- 1 and 2 €
The Euro is in circulation since January 1st, 2002, but the engraved Euro first ones date 1999.
The notion of higher given "examplary" calls back that Eurocol does not take into account the vintage year of a coin : too voluminous on one hand and without big interest numismatics, because the coins of 2000 or 2001 of a Country are identical.
As you saw it in " the common sides ", the European Central Bank asked in 2007 the Member states to modify the common face or European of all their coins. The concerned States thus emitted the second national series.
These two series are thus different (because their European motive changed) and taken into account in Eurocol : the previous coins in 2007 carry an index - a.
All the coins emitted by these States as from January 1st, 2007 carry an index - b.
Four micro States, not member, are authorized to emit euro coins. They have only a single national series.
Several particular cases required the broadcast of a new national series, in function for example the princely change or the death of the Pope, the abdication...
The following board presents the number of national series taken into account in this collection and the total number of studied coins.
Peculiarities concerning certain series:
- Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands have in their Constitution, the obligation to make represent on the whole currency - rooms and tickets - the effigies of their leader, King or Queen.
- Besides nineteen Member states of the EU, four not member micro-states had the right to emit Euro: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City State.
- Two Countries: Kosovo and Montenegro use the de facto Euro, but have no clean national currency.
- All the broadcasting Countries have a national workshop of engraving. Germany as for her, has five workshops of engraving: A-Berlin, D-Munich, F-Stuttgart, G-Karlsruhe and J-Hamburg
The emitted national series
Distribution of the various national series of the broadcasting Countries of euro coins?
|Category||Country||Series a||Series b||Nb series||Nb coins||Remarks|
|Founding Country (1958)||Germany||5||5||10||80||ALL : 5 workshops of engraving|
|Founding Country (1958)||Belgium||1||4||5||40||Kings (Albert II - Philippe)|
|Founding Country (1958)||France||1||1||2||16|
|Founding Country (1958)||Italy||1||1||2||16|
|Founding Country (1958)||Luxembourg||1||1||2||16|
|Founding Country (1958)||Netherlands||1||2||3||24||Kings (Beatrix - Willem)|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Austria||1||1||2||16|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Spain||1||2||3||24||Kings (Juan Carlos - Felipe VI)|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Finland||1||2||3||24|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Greece||1||1||2||16|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Ireland||1||1||2||16|
|Europe of 12 (1973 / 95)||Portugal||1||1||2||16|
|Non-member State||San Marino||1||2||3||24|
Popes (Jean-Paul II - Siège vacant - Benoît XVI
François - Armoiries François)
|Series a||Series b||Nb series||Nb coins|
Last edited: Thu 02 sep 2021